Forming your own limited liability company (LLC formation) comes with a lot of considerations. You need to make sure that this business entity type is suitable for your needs. At the same time, you will have to be ready for all the responsibilities that come with it.
What It Is
Many entrepreneurs choose this structure because of the benefits it offers. Generally, an LLC is an unincorporated company, like a sole proprietorship or partnership. This means that the profits from the business pass through the owners—and investors, if there are any—as their personal income.
However, it also offers the same protection that a corporation provides. The liability of the owners, who are called members, is limited to how much they have invested in the business.
LLC formation requires you to follow certain steps that may vary depending on the state. It is best to familiarize yourself with the laws before registering your business.
Where To Start
Many individuals form LLCs in the state where they live. That is an obvious choice, especially if you have a home, an office, and a physical store there, or if that is where the vast majority of your operations occur. However, registering in your home state is not a requirement.
The state where you register your business is important. You have to consider several factors. Among those are the following:
- Formation fees
- Annual filings and fees
- Tax rates
- Unemployment rate
- Legal system
Not all states have the same business climates. As you do your research, you will realize that some may be better than others. To help you get started, here are the top ten states that are best for LLC formation:
Wyoming is in the first place. It has no corporate and individual income taxes, and the sales tax rate is only 4%. Additionally, the average effective property tax rate is 0.61%, which is lower than the national average of 1.19%. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate is 4%.
Alaska may also be a good choice. It does not have individual income and sales taxes as well. The corporate tax rate is 9.4%, and the average effective property tax is 1.19%. The unemployment rate is 7.3%.
South Dakota has no corporate and individual income tax rates. The sales tax rate is 4.5%. The average effective property tax rate is 1.32%. The unemployment rate is 3.2%.
Florida also does not have an individual income tax rate. Corporate tax and sales tax rates come at 5.5% and 6%, respectively. The average effective property tax rate is 1.02%, and the unemployment rate is 3.8%.
Nevada has 0% corporate and individual income tax rates. The sales tax rate is around 6.85%. The average effective property tax rate is 0.77%. The state has a 4.7% unemployment rate. However, the state has a commerce tax ranging from 0.051% to 0.331%. It applies to businesses that have gross revenue exceeding $4 million.
Montana does not have a sales tax. The individual income tax may range from 1% to 6.9%. The average effective property tax rate is 0.87%. The unemployment rate is 3.8%.
New Hampshire comes in seventh place with no sales tax. The individual tax rate is 0%. However, there may be a 5% rate on dividend and interest income. The average effective property tax rate is 2.19%. The unemployment rate is 2.7%.
Utah has a 5% rate for corporate and individual income taxes alike. The rate of sales tax is 4.7%, but if you choose to register in Salt Lake City, it will be 6.85%. The average effective property tax rate is 0.67%. The unemployment rate is 3%.
Oregon also has no sales tax. However, you will have to pay 6.6% corporate tax on the first $1 million income. If the income is more than that, the rate is 7.6%. The average effective property tax rate is 1.27%. The state has a 4% unemployment rate.
Indiana comes in tenth place. It has a 6% corporate tax rate, which will be reduced to 4.9% in 2021. The individual income tax rate is 3.23%. County tax rates range from 0.01% to 0.021%. The sales tax rate is 7%. The average effective property tax rate is 0.87%. The unemployment rate is 3.3%.
Getting Help With Your LLC Formation
While the list here may help you decide, you have to take note that it does not include other factors such as healthcare, education, crime rates, and infrastructure. The LLC formation process is also not taken into account. If you want to learn more about what you should do and how you can find the best state suitable for your company’s needs, contact a reliable and experienced company like DoMyLLC.